The year 1999 was the final time each measles and rubella had been reported in Travis County. Now, in a span of lower than only one month, each has been confirmed within the space once more. Health officers mentioned a grownup who lives in Travis County contracted rubella, whereas touring abroad. The particular person was touring on an airplane from Thailand again to the U.S. The individual didn’t journey by way of Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, the airport has confirmed.
Austin Public Health introduced on Jan. 16, 2020, that it was investigating a case of measles. It confirmed the measles case on Dec. 22, 2019. Nonetheless, since confirming that case, APH stated no extra measles sufferers had been found on account of the preliminary publicity.
Each sickness might be prevented by the MMR vaccine, which additionally covers mumps. Though APH stated Travis County has a comparatively excessive vaccination rate, there are pockets of the neighborhood the place decide-outs deliver “herd immunity to an unstable standing.”
Those that are almost certain to be impacted by rubella essentially the most are kids and pregnant ladies, in addition to their unborn youngster:
Unvaccinated youngsters who attend college with a contaminated youngster are required by state legislation to remain house for 21 days following contact.
Pregnant girls who should not be vaccinated have a great danger of congenital rubella syndrome, which might result in beginning defects together with deafness, cataracts, heart defects, mental disabilities, or liver, and spleen injury. There’s additionally a heightened danger of miscarriage or stillbirth.
APH experiences that rubella is much less contagious than measles, however, they each have related signs and are contracted the identical manner – principally by droplets from a sick particular person’s nostril after they cough, sneeze or speak. It will also be unfolded by touching virus-contaminated objects, after which touching your face.
Signs of rubella embrace a red rash, low-grade fever, headache, delicate pink eye, swollen lymph nodes, coughing, or a runny nostril. For those who have expertise in any of those signs, you’re inspired to remain house and name your medical supplier.
Kids are inspired to get the primary dose of the MMR vaccine between the ages of 12 months and 15 months, and the 2nd dose at four or six years outdated. If a toddler could possibly be touring the exterior of the U.S. or may be contaminated by an outbreak, the vaccine is typically really helpful as early as six months of age.